What is a Balanced Diet and its Essential Components?

Last updated on January 22nd, 2024 at 06:50 pm

There are a lot of misconceptions surrounding healthy eating in this day and era. In a time where misinformation can be spread in a matter of seconds is quite damaging for every aspect of health, but people suffer the most when it comes to diet.

These days, people do not know what is beneficial and harmful when food is involved. As a result, many have fallen victim to unhealthy eating habits, which consist of depriving oneself of pleasurable consumables or simply starving to achieve an unrealistic beauty standard of thinness. Moreover, denying yourself foods you genuinely enjoy is not part of healthy eating either.

Health experts at Click Pharmacy have been adamant about informing the general public how to achieve a balanced diet. This is because it makes or breaks an individual’s overall health. In addition to this, the proper way to achieve a balanced diet means making sure you are getting carbohydrates, proteins, fat, fibre, vitamins, and minerals in the correct proportions. You can also up your game by taking essential vitamins.

Now, what is a balanced diet, and what are some of its essential components? Keep reading to find out.  

A platter of brightly coloured fruit and berries

What is a Balanced Diet?

As mentioned before, at its core, a balanced diet consists of foods from all the major food groups present in proper proportions, which provide the body with an ideal amount of nutrition. Now, it is essential to note that almost every individual is different, and the right diet for perfect health may significantly vary from person to person. But, adhering to an all-encompassing diet may be the key. A balanced diet needs to cover all the food groups and needs to be relatively low in unwanted nutrients like sodium, saturated fats, and sugar. Following these simple rules will lead you to a healthy lifestyle.

Furthermore, a balanced diet provides the human body with the necessary nutrients that your body needs to work practically. So, if your diet is unbalanced, your system becomes vulnerable to diseases, infections, fatigue, which results in overall poor performance of your system. Moreover, according to recent studies, children with unbalanced diets experience several problems in life, such as growth and developmental issues.

Essential Components of a Balanced Diet


First of all, the most vital source of energy is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates contain about 60% of a human being’s diet. As a matter of fact, most of your energy needs are met through the help of carbohydrates. That is why it is vital to choose wisely when it comes to complex carbohydrate sources—for instance, whole grains-wheat, brown rice (which counts as a whole grain, unlike white rice, and is way more nutritious), and more.


Protein is another much-needed component of a healthy balanced diet. It is a fact that an individual’s body requires protein as protein assists it to repair cells and produce new ones. Furthermore, protein is also vital for growth and development in the various stages of life. Therefore, around 25% of daily calories should come from protein, such as pulses, legumes, chickpeas, and milk-based products. Obviously, eggs, fish, and meat are excellent protein sources as well.


Our bodies need fats as they contribute to more than 15% of daily calorie requirements. In addition to contributing that much, fats are also an essential energy source. They are also considered vital due to the storing as well as supplying of vitamins. In addition, fats play a prominent role in synthesising hormones. A few good sources of fats are flax seeds, sunflower seeds, olive oil, and more.

Check out my delicious healthy oat bar recipe for a treat that fits a balanced diet

Vitamins and Minerals

It is a no-brainer that vitamins and minerals should be included in a well-balanced, healthy diet. Such micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are known to support essential aspects of the body such as metabolism, nerve and muscle function, bone maintenance as well as cell production. The best sources of vitamins are fruits and vegetables, in which minerals like potassium, iron, and more are also present.

Especially during winter months, many people need to boost immunity by taking additional vitamins and minerals. One of the ways of treatment is the pills that we have to add to our daily food, and the other is intravenous therapies that regulate the immunity after several intakes. Adults can be offered IV treatment, which is one of the fastest methods that helps to get essential nutrients in your body, and it is not even necessary to leave the house, because there are local IV therapy services that have been available for a long time. The system works easily, for example, if you are in Arizona, you have an opportunity to get IV therapy in Scottsdale, which can help you take the treatment you need and all of it will be monitored by a professional nurse. So be careful what type of treatment you choose for yourself and be sure to stay under medical control․


Last but not least, water. Water is one of the significant nutritional components. It has numerous benefits. Water is known to regulate body temperature, loosen joints, and even transport oxygen throughout one’s entire body. Therefore, drinking about eight glasses every day is an essential part of a balanced diet.

Why is a Balanced Diet Necessary?

For starters, a well-balanced diet helps people sustain weight control. Even so, calorie requirements depend largely upon age, physical activity level, along with weight goals. Additionally, an appropriately balanced diet generally consists of low-calorie, nutrition-dense foods. So, what are some of the benefits of a balanced diet?

  • Aids in growth and development
  • Allows one to maintain weight
  • Improves energy levels
  • Lowers risk of illnesses, diseases, and other harmful conditions
  • Decreases levels of depression and anxiety
  • Boosts immunity

Foods To Limit In A Balanced Diet

Sometimes, it is complicated to figure out what you need to negate from your diet in order to achieve a well-balanced diet. Here are some of the food groups that you need to stay away from when you are on a balanced diet:

  • Processed foods
  • Refined grains
  • Added sugar and salt
  • Red and processed meat
  • Alcohol
  • Trans and saturated fats


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